The Language of the Future
Sufi Terminology
by Murshid F.A. Ali ElSenossi

Order by: Arabic English

Knowers of Allah

(Al 'Arifin/'Urufa). They see and recognize Allah wherever they look. The knowers are bewildered. But this is not the bewilderment of being lost, rather it is the bewilderment of having found Allah. They know that He cannot be known. The knowers are...


The Central Island or legendary geographical centre of the world. This is the place of equilibrium and harmony.

Throne-The Divine

(Al 'Arsh). Allah, Who is without place, created a heaven called 'The Throne' where He could 'sit' in order for man to supplicate and seek his needs from Allah. This Throne upon which Allah 'sits' is the seat of those Divine Names that are bound to ...

'arsh al akbar ('arsh al azam)
Throne-The Greatest and Supreme

('Arsh al akbar) ('Arsh al athaam). The Greatest and Supreme Throne. This is the heart of the Perfect Man.

al-'arsh al dhat
Throne of the Essence

('Arsh al Dhat). The Throne of the Essence. This is the Divine Will which relates to nothing but Itself.

'arsh al-mahdud

('Arsh al Mahdud). The Delimited Throne is the Perfect Man who manifests the All-Comprehensive Name 'Allah'.

al-'arsh al muhit
Throne of the All Encompassing

('Arsh al Muhit). The Divine Throne that encompasses all things. It is also called the Throne of the Merciful ('Arsh ar-Rahman).


(Arwah). Spirits or spiritual realities. These may be corporealized within the Realm of Imagination.


(Asas). A house will not stand firm without a solid foundation. Starting from the foundation the murid methodically reconstructs his entire being. The building process starts with his first spiritual practices (awrad). If these are approached and fu...

Secondary Causes

(Asbab). These were established as a means by which man can come to know Allah, yet for the majority of mankind the secondary causes act as veils over Reality.

Lowest of the low

(Asfala safilin). This is the lowest point on man's descent from inward manifestation within Allah's Knowledge to outward manifestation within the world. It is from here that man starts his ascent, his Return Journey to Allah.

Companions of inward knowledge

(Ashabi 'ilmi batini). The companions of inward knowledge.


One of the schools of thought in Islam. One of the most famous scholars to ascribe to this school is Imam al Ghazali.

Lover - Passionate

('Ashiq). Lover. The 'ashiq is the one who searches for Allah with intense yearning and longing, never allowing himself rest in his pursuit of the Beloved. The perfect lover of Allah loves Allah in every Self-disclosure.

Sincere lover

('Ashiq-i-Sadiq). The sincere lover (of Allah).